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Monday, October 31

  1. msg Anglo-Saxons and the Huns message posted Anglo-Saxons and the Huns Readers may find this interesting, on the possibility of Huns, generally accepted as either a Turki…
    Anglo-Saxons and the Huns
    Readers may find this interesting, on the possibility of Huns, generally accepted as either a Turkic or Mongolic and thus Altaic people (or at least led by them), having influenced the development of Anglo-Saxon culture and the Anglo-Saxons may have had some Hunnic ancestry:

    http://www.caitlingreen.org/2015/07/were-there-huns-in-anglo-saxon-england.html

    The most interesting cite is from Bede, the English author of the 7th century "The Ecclesiastical History of the English People": "He knew that there were very many peoples in Germany from whom the Angles and the Saxons, who now live in Britain, derive their origin... Now these people are the Frisians, Rugians, Danes, Huns, Old Saxons, and Boruhtware (Bructeri); there are also many other nations in the same land who are still practising heathen rites to whom the soldier of Christ proposed to go..."

    There's also "Hawks, Horses, and Huns", by John T. Niles, which notes elements of steppe culture found in Anglo-Saxon England:

    http://www.academia.edu/26820839/_Hawks_Horses_and_Huns_The_Impact_of_Peoples_of_the_Steppe_on_the_Folk_Cultures_of_Northern_Europe._Western_Folklore_75_2016_133-64

    There are also names of places in England that may reference the Huns, such as Attleborough (after Attila), Hunslet, and Hunstanton, as well as the River Hun which flows through Norfolk. These names seem to be concentrated in the areas that were settled by the Angles specifically. There were also personal names that may reference the Huns, such as Ætla (Attila) and Hunbald.

    I hope these may be of interest.
    2:14 pm

Sunday, October 5

Saturday, September 13

  1. page history of Korea edited ... Introduction General terms for the land where Korean lived ... Geun-yeok, Jin-dan/Jin-guk/…
    ...
    Introduction
    General terms for the land where Korean lived
    ...
    Geun-yeok, Jin-dan/Jin-guk/Jin-yeok, Namesand other names of Korea
    Cheonggu means blue hills (Blue is the color as the symbol of the East).
    Danyeok means the area of bakdal tree (a kind of birch).
    ...
    Dongyi
    Yi people are generally called Dongyi because the East was their origin place. Dongyi people were also called Guyi because of nine Yi peoples.
    "Yi people are in the east. They follow greatenesspeople to the east, yi (夷) is (a combination of) big (大) and archery."bow (弓)." -- quoted
    ...
    2nd century..
    A country that

    夷, 東方之人也, 從大從弓. -- "說文解字"
    There are countries
    wise men never die lay there.live and ones do not die.
    有君子, 不死之國.

    {Dongyi_and_Go_Joseon.png} Dongyi's area
    "There were nine peoples in Dongyi. Wuyi was the land the Sun rises. The people settled down in mountains or went out to sea, became nine Yi peoples. Go Joseon was founded in Wuyi and later Goguryeo ruled there." -- quoted from Hu Wei, "Yugong Zhuizhi" aka "Discussion on the Tribute of Yu", Qing, 17th century.
    ...
    literally means "the"morning land of the morning (阿斯達: asa dal)".
    Click to see more information about Dongyi: http://dongyi.wikidot.com/

    Go Joseon (2333 BC-108 BC)
    The spirit of the national foundation
    BenefitHongik ingan (Benefit all mankind ormankind, Devotion to
    ...
    welfare of mankind (Hongik ingan)mankind, etc)
    Capital city
    Asadal (early), Wanggeom/Wangheom (late), Geomdok/Heomdok (another name), Pyeongyang (another name)
    ...
    According to "Samguk Yusa", Go Joseon was founded by Dangun, son of Hwanung and Ungnyeo.
    "Hwanung is the son of Hwanin, the Lord of Heaven. He moved down from the heaven to Baekdu mountain (Chanbai, Golmin Šanggiyan Alin) with 3000 followers and then he called there Sinsi. Some day, a bear and a tiger visited Hwanung and they asked him a way to be humans. Hwanung gave them garlic and mugwort and told them to live inside a deep cave eating only the garlic and mugwort for 100 days, then they would turn into humans. The tiger gaved up in 99th day. The bear endured 100 days, and finally turned into a human woman. Hanung named her Ungnyeo (a bear woman), and married her. They had a son named Dangun, he founded Go Joseon." -- quoted from Iryeon, "Samguk Yusa", 1281.
    昔有桓因(桓國). 庶子桓雄, 數意天下, 貪求人世. 父知子意, 下視三危太伯, 可以弘益人間, 乃授天符印三箇, 遣往理之. 雄, 率徒三千, 降於太伯山頂神壇樹下, 謂之神市, 是謂桓雄天王也. 將風伯雨師雲師, 而主穀主命主病主刑主善惡, 凡主人間三百六十餘事, 在世理化. 時有一熊一虎, 同穴而居, 常祈于神雄, 願化爲人. 時, 神, 遺靈艾一炷蒜二十枚曰, "爾輩食之, 不見日光百日, 便得人形.". 熊虎, 得而食之, 忌三七日, 熊得女身, 虎不能忌, 而不得人身. 熊女者, 無與爲婚. 故每於壇樹下, 呪願有孕, 雄, 乃假化而婚之, 孕生子, 號曰壇君王儉. -- 一然, "三國遺事", 1281.
    Dangun story, Korean myth (Korean)
    {Cheonji,_Baekdu_Mountain.jpg} Heaven Lake, Baekdu Mountain. Photo by Bdpmax
    "History book 'Ancient Records of Dangun' says, 'God Hwanin had a son, the name is Ung. ... Ung became Emperor Danung. ... Danung begot a son, the name is Dangun. Dangun founded Joseon.'" -- quoted from "Joseon Wangjosillok" aka The Annals of the Choson Dynasty
    檀君古記云, "上帝桓因, 有庶子, 名雄, 意欲下化人間, 受天三印, 降太白山神檀樹下, 是爲檀雄天王. 令孫女飮藥成人身, 與檀樹神婚而生男, 名檀君, 立國號曰朝鮮." -- "朝鮮王朝實錄" 世宗實錄 地理志 平安道 平壤府.
    Historians interpret the bear as a tribe with bear totemism, and the tiger as a tribe with tiger totemism. Who is the bear tribe and who is the tiger tribe is controversial.
    3 Joseon
    ...
    The one who steals others' private property, is enslaved unless he pay 500,000 jeon.
    Jeon is the monetary unit of Go Joseon.
    ...
    laws and culture.culture
    Liao/Lyo/Yo was the place where the river Yoha flows into the sea of Balhae.
    遼, 本朝鮮故壤, 箕子八條之敎流風遺俗, 蓋有存者. -- "遼史"
    Dolmen
    Go Joseon people built lots of dolmens for burial. All people as well as high status were buried under those tombs regardless of social status. The dolmens found in Korean Peninsula are vary in size from small to large, and the distribution of dolmens are often used to measure the territory of Go Joseon. Roughly half of all the world's dolmens even exist in Korean peninsula, especially in Gochang, Hwasun, and Ganghwa. The Gochang, Hwasun, and Ganghwa Dolmen Sites were inscribed on the World Heritage List by UNESCO in 2000.
    ...
    Ye-Maek
    According to Yi Seunghyu, "Jewang Ungi", 1287., Dangun came to the throne of Joseon and Sira (Silla), Gorye (Goguryeo), North Okjeo, South Okjeo, North Buyeo, East Buyeo, Ye, and Maek are all his sons.
    "History... 名檀君, 據朝鮮之域, 爲王. 故, 尸羅, 高禮, 南北沃沮, 東北扶餘, 穢與貊, 皆檀君之壽也. -- "帝王韻紀"
    "History
    book 'Ancient
    ...
    the Choson DynastyDynasty.
    檀君古記云, "... 名檀君, 立國, 號曰朝鮮. 朝鮮, 尸羅, 高禮, 南北沃沮, 東北扶餘, 濊與貊, 皆檀君之理." -- "朝鮮王朝實錄 世宗實錄 地理志 平安道 平壤府"

    Jin
    Jin was the predecessor of Han. In the last years of Go Joseon, King Jun fled to Ma Han, and called himself King of Jin.
    ...
    {500px-Liaoning_in_China_(+all_claims_hatched).svg.png}
    Liaoning in China. published by TUBS. 15 September 2011
    Gaya (?(42 AD - 6C)
    Administrative divisions
    Geumgwan Gaya, Dae Gaya, Seongsan Gaya, Ara Gaya, Goryeong Gaya, So Gaya, etc.
    ...
    Goguryeo (37 BC-668 AD)
    Capital city
    Jolbon/Holseunggol/Holbon/Solbon (1st), GuknaeGuknae/Bulnae/Buli (2nd), Pyeongyang
    Administrative divisions
    5 States and 176 Fortresses (7th century)
    ...
    Other names
    Goryeo (another official name), Guryeo, Gorye, Maek guk
    ...
    North Buyeo. Dumakru (5C~8C) was the successor to North Buryeo as well as Goguryeo (BC 1C~7C).
    5 States of Goguryeo were originally 5 nations: Gyeru, Sono, Jeolno, Sunno, and Gwanno. Goguryeo was a confederation as well as Bueyo but succeeded in transforming into centralism.
    Chumo (or Jumong), son of Hae Mosu and Yuhwa, was born and raised in East Buyeo. He surpassed others in archery but it was not accepted by King Geumwa, son of Hae Buru. He fled to Jolbon at last and founded Goguryeo in 37 BC.
    ...
    In the mural picture of group dance, we can see that they enjoyed dancing. The dance swinging long sleeves still remained in current traditional Korean dance. Dancers with long sleeves can also be seen in Mongolian tradition. Photo
    {n566326796_427114_2816.jpg} Group dance, Goguryeo
    Goguryeo-Xin War
    Goguryeo-Later Han War
    Goguryeo-Wei War
    Goguryeo-Yan War
    Goguryeo-Sui War
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goguryeo-Sui_War
    Goguryeo-Tang War
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goguryeo-Tang_War

    Baekje (18 BC-660 AD)
    Capital city
    ...
    Hansan (2nd), UngjinUngjin/Goma-nari (3rd), Sabi/Soburi
    Administrative divisions
    5 States and 37 Provinces 200 Fortresses (7th century)
    ...
    The administrative divisions of Baekje, that is 5 States of Baekje, originated in their tradition. The founder of Baekje came from Goguryeo, actually it was Buyeo (Jolbon).
    Jumong, King of Goguryeo, had three sons: Yuri, Biryu, and Onjo. Yuri was Jumong's son and he was born in East Buyeo when his farther lived there. But Biryu and Onjo were the sons of Utae and Soseono and they were born in Jolbon Buyeo. When Jumong fled to Jolbon, Utae had already died and Soseono got married to him. When Yuri came to the throne, Soseono moved down to the south together with his two sons and founded Baekje in 18 BC.
    Here's another story of the national foundation: Baekje was the state of Ma Han confederacy. Dongmyeong who came from Tak-ri (Saek-ri, Sak-ri, or Gori) kingdom became the king of Buyeo. Later, Baekje was founded by Gutae who descended from Dongmyeong, then finally became great nation among Dongyi kingoms.
    King Seong (Buyeo Myeongnong) moved the capital to Sabi and changed the name of the country to South Buyeo in 538.
    Pungnap toseong
    ...
    Seona, Seonabeol, Seoyabeol, Sara, Saro, Sira, Gyerim (another official name once used)
    Silla is known as 1000-year kingdom as it existed for almost millennium.
    6 States of Silla were originally 6 villages: YangsanYang-san village in
    ...
    became 6 Statesdistricts of Silla.
    6 districts: Yi clan's Yang-bu district, Choi clan's Saryang-bu district, Son clan's Jeomrayng-bu (or Morayng) district, Jeong clan's Bonpi-bu district, Bae clan's Hanji-bu district, Seol clan's Seupbi-bu district.

    After the
    ...
    founder of Silla.Silla (Geoseo Gan). His name
    ...
    Bak (Park) Hyeokgeose Geoseo Gan.Hyeokgeose.
    Golden crown
    Only 10 ancient golden crowns are known in the world, and 6 of them are in Korea. They were found after 30 tombs were excavated in Gyeongju. There are still 120 big tombs which have not been excavated. Some archaeologists say that Korea can be called the country of golden crowns. Gyeongju was the capital of Silla, and Silla people left many outstanding remains for nearly a thousand years. Gyeongju Historic Areas was inscribed on the World Heritage List by UNESCO in 2000.
    ...
    Silla (official), Tongil Silla (Unified Silla)
    Silla destroyed Goguryeo and expanded territory further north. Some people of Silla moved to north which was the territory of former Goguryeo. After the collapse of Silla, some people of Silla escaped to Balhae again.
    ...
    the name "Gillim""Gillim Province" (Jilin in
    {500px-Jilin_in_China_(+all_claims_hatched).svg.png}
    Gillim (Jilin in China) uploaded by TUBS
    ...
    Khitan empire invaded Goryeo three times (993, 1010, 1018) and finally ended the wars when almost all elite invaders (100,000 men) of Khitan were killed at the battle of Guiju (the last battle of the 3rd Korea-Khitan War).
    Yun Gwan's Military Campaigns against Jurchen (1107-1109)
    The origin of Jin dynasy
    Mongol invasions (1231-1270)
    Mongol invasions on Goryeo continued 38 years. Goryeo was the only country survived at Mongol invasions in north Asian continent (The map of Mongol and Goryeo ). At the end of the war, Mongol and Goryeo contracted a peace treaty that Goryeo became a tributal client kingdom of Mongol and Goryeo got autonomy. Goryeo and Mongol reached an agreement to exchange a Goryeo prince and a Mongol princess as a result of the peace treaty. Mongol and Goryeo tied with marriages as Mongol princes married Goryeo princesses and Goryeo princes married Mongol princesses. A Korean woman became Mongol empress (Qi Empress) of Ukhaantu Khan, her son became Mongol Khan (Biligtu" Khan of Northern Yuan). Goryeo king Chungnyeol married a daughter of Kubilai Khan, and marriages between Mongol and Korea continued 80 years until Mongols intervention got expelled out of Korea.
    ...
    Joseon army
    The main force of Joseon army was horse archers in the first half, and musketeers in the latter half.
    ...
    spears, and guns)cannons)
    1593~1882: primary three infantry arms (musketeers, spearmen, archers), auxiliary cavalrymen (bows and flails)
    1882~1907: infantry of modern type (tried to reform but failed)
    ...
    Officials said at firstthat a musket
    ...
    it when fowling. Right afterfowling because a korean bow was extremely efficient than a musket as a single weapon at that time. During the Japanese
    ...
    soldiers with muskets in less than 1 year.muskets.
    {Joseon army 1.jpg}
    {Joseon army 2.jpg}
    Joseon army
    Hwacha
    Bigyeokjincheonroe
    Bi-gyeok-jin-cheon-roe (비격진천뢰, 飛擊震天雷) was a kind of time bomb artilleryman Yi Jangson developed in the 16th century.

    Singijeon
    The relation with Jurchen/Manchus
    ...
    Korean connection to Buryat
    Korean connection to Dongho
    Korean connection to the Huns
    Korean connection to Mongols
    Korean connection to Ryukyuan
    ...
    Buyeo
    Jumong (drama - MBC Classic, 81 episodes): The story about King Dongmyeong, the founder of Goguryeo. Background is Buyeo.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BHRKecGtBbs
    Goguryeo
    Young warriors of Goguryeo (animation, made in North Korea)
    Taewangsasingi aka The Legend (drama, 24 episodes): The story about Go Damdeok (King Gwanggaeto).
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oJAro4zDGjE
    Baekje
    King Geunchogo (drama, 60 episodes): The story about Buyeo Gu, the 13th king of Baekje.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Yy3L-cTtv0
    Seodongyo (drama, 56 episodes): The story about Seodong, a man from the royal family of Baekje and Seonhwa, a princess of Silla.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nxQjh_WpJwo
    Silla
    Queen Seondeok (drama, 62 episodes): The story about the 1st queen in Korean history.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iCoAbjza6Eo
    Hwangsanbul (movie) : The story about the last period of Baekje.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aGPx75_1SCs
    Balhae
    Dae Joyeong (drama, 134 episodes): The story about King Go, the founder of Balhae. Background is Goguryeo and Tang.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CEdt_WU59E8
    Goryeo
    Taejo Wang Geon (drama, 200 episodes): The story about the founder of Goryeo.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hvELG7XbpeM
    Empress Cheonchu (drama, 78 episodes): The story about an empress of Goryeo.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yM80624NLyQ
    The Age of Warriors (drama, 158 episodes): The story about the Age of Warriors.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wBxj6oXu7oY
    Musin aka Warrior K (drama, 56 episodes) : The story about Kim Jun, the general who was once a slave man. Background is the Age of Warriros and Mongol invasions in Goryeo dynasty.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lTikK5Rcc_s
    Musa aka the Warrior (movie) : Background is China (Ming) and Mongol (Yuan) at the last period of Goryeo.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LOV3uzl25EU
    Joseon
    Jeong Dojeon (drama - DramaKBS): The founding story of Joseon dynasty. Background is the last period of Goryeo dynasty.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=82lVOaNKH_4
    The Great King Sejong (drama, 86 episodes): The story about King Sejong the Great.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9-lRQNnDEsY
    The King and the Clown (movie)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-zdMgghw4VY
    Dae Janggeum aka Jewel in the Palace (drama, 54 episodes): The story about a female physician. Background is 16th century's Joseon.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_92j9P7ja3k
    The Immortal Yi Sunsin (drama, 104 episodes): The story about an admiral of Joseon. Background is the Japanese invasions.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WHMPKVsrU5M
    Myeongryang (movie): The battle of Myeongryang, 12 vs 133 (total 333) ships
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d5kz5jM9rZA

    Cheongpungmyeongwol aka Sword in the Moon (movie)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uVTNp7ILUAw
    Chuno aka Slave Hunter (drama, 24 episodes): Mid Joseon.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JE405MYgynI
    Dongyi (drama, 60 episodes): The story about a slave maid. Background is 17th century's Joseon.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MQBKanGw__g
    Hansungbyulgok aka Conspiracy in the Court (drama, 8 episodes)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=deiyjtgsGfA
    Duelist (movie)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QuPNPUYXGfI
    Korea under Japanese rule
    The Good, The Bad, The Weird (movie)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OzNnCK5cd8Q
    Korean War
    ...
    : Brotherhood (movie)(movie): described Korean War.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rx0DAAmlSPk

    Modern Korea
    ...
    1943 to 1953.1953 (from Japanese occupation to Korean War).
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hPMlnKFs24E

    JSA (movie)(movie): Joint Security Area dividing Korea
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FNLcjGamf8U

    References
    Dr. David Whitehouse, "World's Oldest Rice found", BBC NEWS.
    AFP, "World's Oldest Rice Found in South Korea", Discovery Channel.
    Sorori Rice Cyber Museum
    夷, 東方之人也, 從大從弓. -- "說文解字"
    有君子不死之國
    昔有桓因(桓國). 庶子桓雄, 數意天下, 貪求人世. 父知子意, 下視三危太伯, 可以弘益人間, 乃授天符印三箇, 遣往理之. 雄, 率徒三千, 降於太伯山頂神壇樹下, 謂之神市, 是謂桓雄天王也. 將風伯雨師雲師, 而主穀主命主病主刑主善惡, 凡主人間三百六十餘事, 在世理化. 時有一熊一虎, 同穴而居, 常祈于神雄, 願化爲人. 時, 神, 遺靈艾一炷蒜二十枚曰, "爾輩食之, 不見日光百日, 便得人形.". 熊虎, 得而食之, 忌三七日, 熊得女身, 虎不能忌, 而不得人身. 熊女者, 無與爲婚. 故每於壇樹下, 呪願有孕, 雄, 乃假化而婚之, 孕生子, 號曰壇君王儉. -- 一然, "三國遺事", 1281.
    檀君古記云, "上帝桓因, 有庶子, 名雄, 意欲下化人間, 受天三印, 降太白山神檀樹下, 是爲檀雄天王. 令孫女飮藥成人身, 與檀樹神婚而生男, 名檀君, 立國號曰朝鮮." -- "朝鮮王朝實錄" 世宗實錄 地理志 平安道 平壤府.

    Shin Chaeho, "Joseon Sanggosa" aka "Ancient History of Korea", 1931.
    Shin Chaeho, "Joseon Sanggosa" aka "Ancient History of Korea", 1931.
    ...
    Ban Zhao, 'Treatise on Geography', "Book of Han".
    The 8 Laws.
    遼, 本朝鮮故壤, 箕子八條之敎流風遺俗, 蓋有存者. -- "遼史"
    Buru (夫婁), Pumri (稟離), Buyeo (夫餘), Buri (夫里), Bulnae (不耐), Buli (不而), Guknae (國內), Bul (弗), Beol (伐), and Bal (發) are the transliterations of Bul (불). -- Shin Chaeho, "Joseon Sanggosa" aka "Ancient History of Korea", 1931.
    ... 名檀君, 據朝鮮之域, 爲王. 故, 尸羅, 高禮, 南北沃沮, 東北扶餘, 穢與貊, 皆檀君之壽也. -- "帝王韻紀"
    檀君古記云, "... 名檀君, 立國號曰朝鮮. 朝鮮, 尸羅, 高禮, 南北沃沮, 東北扶餘, 濊與貊, 皆檀君之理." -- "朝鮮王朝實錄" 世宗實錄 地理志 平安道 平壤府.

    Levirate from Wikipedia.
    "A wheel 1th century BC was excavated in Gwanju".
    (view changes)
    6:03 pm

Wednesday, July 16

  1. page home edited ... {2056997493_1651f68023.jpg} Photo by: Giorgio Montersino {226842868_dce2f1ac57.jpg} Photo by: …
    ...
    {2056997493_1651f68023.jpg} Photo by: Giorgio Montersino {226842868_dce2f1ac57.jpg} Photo by: Alfred Lui {3576915904_bc84e65d18.jpg} Photo by: Quinn Dombrowski
    What about the Altaic languages?
    ...
    or R.
    Reference: (Kryss Katsiavriades and Talaat Qureshi)
    {154213183_fac46f63dc.jpg} Photo by: Mke1963
    ...
    Sources:
    Katsiavriades, Kryss, and Talaat Qureshi. "The Altaic Family of Languages." Krysstal.com. Krysstal, n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2012. http://www.krysstal.com/langfams_altaic.html.
    Wikipedia contributors. "Altaic languages." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 29 Jun. 2014. Web. 16 Jul. 2014.
    Wikipedia contributors. "Vowel harmony." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 10 Sep. 2012. Web. 12 Oct. 2012.
    {Hunnu.gif}
    (view changes)
    12:27 pm
  2. page Salar People edited Salar People {min-Salar-1.jpg} Using under "fair use" for edutional reasons only. Whe…
    Salar People
    {min-Salar-1.jpg} Using under "fair use" for edutional reasons only.
    Where they live:
    China in the provinces of Qinghai, Gansu, and Xinjiang (Also called East Turkistan)
    ...
    About the Salar
    The Salar people are believed to be Oghuz Turks who intermarried with the Sino-Tibetan speaking Han Chinese, Tibetans, and Hui peoples. They mostly live in the Chinese provinces of Qinghai (Western central China), Gansu (A province near Inner Mongolia), Xinjiang (Also known as Eastern Turkistan by Turks) and smaller groups are scattered all around north western China. Almost all Salars are Muslims and a few are Buddhist. Their language, Salar, is related to Turkmen and influenced by Uyghur, Kazakh, Tibetan, and Chinese. During the time of Genghis Khan's conquest they settled in China.
    {min-Salar-2.jpg} Using under "fair use" for edutional reasons only.Imforrmation from this page:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salar_people
    Pictures of Salar people:
    http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=%E6%92%92%E6%8B%89%E6%97%8F&FORM=HDRSC2

    Video
    (view changes)
    12:24 pm
  3. page Bashkir People edited ... Click Here Language ... Turkic languages. It is very close to Tatar dialect. The initial…
    ...
    Click Here
    Language
    ...
    Turkic languages. It is very close to Tatar dialect. The initial "s" in other Turkic dialects changes to the initial "h" in Bashkir.
    Music Sample
    Folk songs Played With The Kurai
    Ural
    Taftilyau
    Kahym Tura
    Shafik
    About the Songs

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bashkir_language

    Videos
    Lets explore the Bashkir people and culture with these videos.
    Double click video or click link to watch videos in full view.
    Videos About Culture, Music or Dance
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JTYQ0Wmsvbg
    This short video shows scenes from Bashkir traditional life.

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ivHnnlFrkPc
    This is an other video of traditional Bashkir life. In side a yurt a lady dances a folk dance and prepares a common Bashkir morning meal for her family. The dance seems to describes the making of the meal.
    (view changes)
    12:19 pm

Saturday, June 28

Saturday, April 12

Saturday, February 1

  1. page history of Korea edited ... Danyeok means the area of bakdal tree (a kind of birch). Dongguk means the country of the Eas…
    ...
    Danyeok means the area of bakdal tree (a kind of birch).
    Dongguk means the country of the East.
    ...
    area of Hibiscus syriacus (RoseMugunghwa (Hibiscus syriacus, Rose of Sharon,
    Jindan, Jinguk, or Jinyeok means the territory, the country, or the area at dawn.
    Korea is one of the rare countries maintaining a single ethnic group by expelling all foreign invasions through history, and Korean developed unique culture that has never been disconnected in 5,000 years of history.
    ...
    "Joseon (朝鮮)" literally means "the land of the morning (阿斯達: asa dal)".
    Click to see more information about Dongyi: http://dongyi.wikidot.com/
    ...
    Joseon (2333 BC - 108BC-108 BC)
    The spirit of the national foundation
    Benefit all mankind or Devotion to the welfare of mankind (Hongik ingan)
    ...
    Proto-Three Kingdoms Period
    Go Joseon collapsed after the invasion of Han dynasty in 108 BC, and was followed by Proto-Three Kingdoms Period.
    Buyeo (4C BC - 494)BC-494 AD)
    Administrative divisions
    Central Buyeo and Sachuldo
    ...
    Three Kingdoms Period
    Goguryeo, Baekje, and Silla remained after the three kingdoms unified other kingdoms around 4th century.
    Goguryeo (37 BC - 668)BC-668 AD)
    Capital city
    Jolbon/Holseunggol/Holbon/Solbon (1st), Guknae (2nd), Pyeongyang (3rd)
    ...
    In the mural picture of group dance, we can see that they enjoyed dancing. The dance swinging long sleeves still remained in current traditional Korean dance. Dancers with long sleeves can also be seen in Mongolian tradition. Photo
    {n566326796_427114_2816.jpg} Group dance, Goguryeo
    BaekjeGoguryeo-Xin War
    Goguryeo-Later Han War
    Goguryeo-Wei War
    Goguryeo-Yan War
    Goguryeo-Sui War
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goguryeo-Sui_War
    Goguryeo-Tang War
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goguryeo-Tang_War
    Baekje
    (18 BC - 660)BC-660 AD)
    Capital city
    Wirye (1st), Hansan (2nd), Ungjin (3rd), Sabi/Soburi (4th), Geobal/Goma (another name)
    ...
    Iron Armor of Baekje
    Iron Armor of Baekje (5C)
    Silla (57 BC - 935)BC-935 AD)
    Capital city
    Geumseong (Geum fortress)
    ...
    North and South States Period
    Silla unified three kingdoms after destroyed Baekje and Goguryeo together with Tang in 660 and 668 respectively and then Balhae (successor to Goguryeo) expelled Tang army in the territory of former Goguryeo in 698. It means that North and South States Period followed Three Kingdoms Period.
    Unified Silla (668 - 935)(668-935)
    Capital city
    Geumseong (Geum fortress)
    ...
    Silla (official), Tongil Silla (Unified Silla)
    Silla destroyed Goguryeo and expanded territory further north. Some people of Silla moved to north which was the territory of former Goguryeo. After the collapse of Silla, some people of Silla escaped to Balhae again.
    ...
    name of early Silla).
    {500px-Jilin_in_China_(+all_claims_hatched).svg.png}
    Gillim (Jilin in China) uploaded by TUBS
    Balhae (698 - 926)(698-926)
    Capital cities
    Sanggyeong, Donggyeong, Junggyeong, Seogyeong, Namgyeong
    ...
    Soldiers
    1274
    Fleet 1 (Yuan(Mongol forces) Holdon
    Fleet 2 (Goryeo forces) Kim Bang-gyeong, Park Ji-ryang, Kim Heun, Yim Gae,
    Kim Sin, Wi Deuk-yu, Son Se-jeong,
    ...
    (1st invasion) It seemed that the 1st invasion was going to a great success at first but failed at last because discord arose among Korean and Mongolian commanders. The commanders withdrew their fleets when a typhoon struct the islands.
    Korean attitude was half-hearted at the 1st invasion but Goryeo government took a positive attitude at the 2nd invasion.
    ...
    was not that bad. Anyway,
    ...
    approaching Japan. The allies withdrew their fleets from Japan again and the invasions ended.
    {Mongol_invasions_of_Japan.jpg}
    described Mongolian (left), Korean (center), and Japanese (right)
    ...
    Young warriors of Goguryeo (animation, made in North Korea)
    Taewangsasingi aka The Legend (drama, 24 episodes): The story about Go Damdeok (King Gwanggaeto).
    The blade and petal (drama)
    Baekje
    King Geunchogo (drama, 60 episodes): The story about Buyeo Gu, the 13th king of Baekje.
    ...
    Hwangsanbul (movie) : The story about the last period of Baekje.
    Balhae
    ...
    Goguryeo and Balhae.Tang.
    Goryeo
    Taejo Wang Geon (drama, 200 episodes): The story about the founder of Goryeo.
    ...
    Musa aka the Warrior (movie) : Background is China (Ming) and Mongol (Yuan) at the last period of Goryeo.
    Joseon
    Jeong Dojeon (drama - DramaKBS): The founding story of Joseon dynasty. Background is the last period of Goryeo dynasty.
    The Great King Sejong (drama, 86 episodes): The story about King Sejong the Great.
    The King and the Clown (movie)
    ...
    Sorori Rice Cyber Museum
    夷, 東方之人也, 從大從弓. -- "說文解字"
    有君子不死之國有君子不死之國
    昔有桓因(桓國). 庶子桓雄,
    ...
    遣往理之. 雄, 率徒三千,率徒三千, 降於太伯山頂神壇樹下, 謂之神市,
    ...
    而主穀主命主病主刑主善惡, 凡主人間三百六十餘事, 在世理化.在世理化. 時有一熊一虎, 同穴而居,
    ...
    "爾輩食之, 不見日光百日, 便得人形.".便得人形.". 熊虎, 得而食之,
    檀君古記云, "上帝桓因, 有庶子, 名雄, 意欲下化人間, 受天三印, 降太白山神檀樹下, 是爲檀雄天王. 令孫女飮藥成人身, 與檀樹神婚而生男, 名檀君, 立國號曰朝鮮." -- "朝鮮王朝實錄" 世宗實錄 地理志 平安道 平壤府.
    Shin Chaeho, "Joseon Sanggosa" aka "Ancient History of Korea", 1931.
    ...
    The 8 Laws.
    遼, 本朝鮮故壤, 箕子八條之敎流風遺俗, 蓋有存者. -- "遼史"
    ...
    (夫里), Bulnae (不耐),(不耐), Buli (不而),(不而), Guknae (國內),
    ... 名檀君, 據朝鮮之域, 爲王. 故, 尸羅, 高禮, 南北沃沮, 東北扶餘, 穢與貊, 皆檀君之壽也. -- "帝王韻紀"
    檀君古記云, "... 名檀君, 立國號曰朝鮮. 朝鮮, 尸羅, 高禮, 南北沃沮, 東北扶餘, 濊與貊, 皆檀君之理." -- "朝鮮王朝實錄" 世宗實錄 地理志 平安道 平壤府.
    (view changes)
    7:52 pm

Sunday, January 26

  1. page space.license edited ... Some photos are public domain but most are creative common licensed. Click photos to see licen…
    ...
    Some photos are public domain but most are creative common licensed. Click photos to see license.
    To see the license and credits of photos please click the photo.
    We try to make sure everything is properly matched with the appropriate licence but since this is a wiki please use material with discretion and double check the sources linked to the material.
    (view changes)
    1:37 pm

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